The low T treatment or the Testosterone Replacement Therapy is usually recommended in cases of low Testosterone hormone levels of a man. There are a number of factors that are considered before starting the low T therapy such as the cause of low Testosterone level, weight, age, current health etc. The knowledge of the treatment and its side effects is a necessity before starting the treatment.
The Testosterone – basics
Testosterone is considered to be the male sex hormone and it’s responsible for the secondary male sex characteristics. It’s also found in women in lower quantity. The Testosterone hormone in males is primarily produced in the Testes and a small amount is produced by the Adrenal glands in both men and women.
Testosterone – The hormone production cycle
The production cycle of Testosterone begins from the hypothalamus glands that order the pituitary gland to start the production of testosterone. The pituitary gland passes the instruction to the male Testes that begins the production of the hormone.
The importance of Testosterone
The testosterone hormone is commonly associated with the male sex drive and secondary sex characteristic. It plays an important role in the production of sperm and the red blood cells. It also affects the muscle mass, bone density or mass and the storage of fat in men. The low levels of Testosterone can not only negatively impact the above mentioned activities, but it can also affect the hormone levels of other glands.
The need of low T therapy
Once the lower testosterone levels are confirmed, the first step is identifying the cause. The lower testosterone levels are normal after a certain age due to the aging process. The normal level of testosterone in an adult male varies between 300 to 1000ng/dl (ng per deciliter). If the level of Testosterone is within this range or close to it, the Testosterone Replacement Therapy is discouraged due to higher risk potential.
The low T therapy
The free Testosterone or the level of Testosterone that’s active in the body at any time is also measured along with the Testosterone levels. The low T therapy not only restores the normal Testosterone levels but it’s also used to treat symptoms like erectile dysfunction. The therapy has various wellness and health benefits in context of obesity, osteoporosis and various metabolic syndromes. The low T therapy can include medications administered through Injections, gels, transdermal skin patches, implants or oral forms like pills.
The side effects of the low T therapy includes sleep apnea, reduced production of sperm, shrinkage in testicles, gynecomastia, acne, high red blood cell count or benign prosthetic hyperplasia. The cost and duration of the therapy varies from individual to individual and it’s also dependent on the form of therapy.