Immunotherapy is that kind of cancer treatment which assists the immunity system to fight out cancer. The immune system helps the body to fight infectious diseases and infections as well. It is constituted of WBC or White Blood Cells or tissues of lymph system. Immune therapy, on the other hand, is the kind of biological therapy made from the living organisms or substances to cure cancer. There are various kinds of immune therapy used for the treatment of cancer. Such treatment may assist the immunity system to attack the cancer cells directly or indirectly. Various kinds of therapies can be used to kill the cancer cells.
The various kinds of Immunotherapy
There are various kinds of immune therapies to act against the cancer cells directly. Some of them are stated below:
- Checkpoint inhibitor is the first and foremost line of defense against cancer. They are such drugs that help the immunity system to respond more powerfully to tumor. You can say that they do not directly attack the cancer cells but they interfere with the ability of cancer cells to avoid attack from immune system.
- With Adoptive Cell Transfer, the natural ability of the T Cells to combat the deadly disease gets a boost. It takes nearly 4-8 weeks to grow the T Cells in the lab. But, during this time period, radiation therapy and chemotherapy is used to invade the cancer cells. Then, after the T Cells grow in the lab, they are injected through a needle.
- Monoclonal antibodies or therapeutic antibodies are the immune system proteins again reared in the lab. Such antibodies can attack certain kinds of cancer cells. Certain monoclonial antibodies can mark the cancer cells such that they are better seen or destroyed by the immune system.
- Treatment vaccines that tend to boost the ability of immunity system to fight the cancer cells.
Some of the kinds of immune therapies that enhance immune response of the body to fight against cancer cells are Cytokines and BCG whereby Cytokines are the proteins made by the body cells. They help in the normal functioning of the immune system. The two kinds of Cytokines for the treatment of cancer are interleukins and interferons.
Who should get immunotherapy?
Not everyone can get immune therapy. But, it is an effective lung cancer treatment. Its use is however not as common as chemotherapy, surgery and radio therapy. It can cure various types of cancer. What kind of immune therapy is recommended for you needs to be known from the cancer specialist. They act against the cancer cells that remain hidden from the immunity system. Thus, the therapy is helpful as it marks those cancer cells that are destroyed finally by the immunity system.
Are there any side effect?
Immune therapy does have side effects. People are affected by the side effects in varied ways. It all depends on your health conditions, the kind of cancer you have and the amount of dose administered. Any overdose or over usage can lead to side effects. Some of the common side effects are swelling, pain in the body, skin redness, itchiness, skin rashes and soreness.
For osteoarthritis treatment, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and injections. At the doctor’s office, you may be injected. Immune therapy may also be administered at the doctor’s office.